Space Rangers is a show that has lasted for one season in 1993, and only six episodes while co-staring one of my favorite actors (Clint Howard). This show is nothing special compared to all the other space adventures that came before and after, but I still wanted to own this. I am a nut about space movies/TV shows.
Ranger Productions, Trilogy Entertainment Group, RHI Entertainment produced the TV show and in CBS broadcast the show for only six episodes. Space Rangers was released not only in the United States but also Australia, Sweden, Germany, and Finland (IMDB).
In 1995 three volumes were sold in the VHS format through RHI and Cabin Fever Entertainment.
Released in Japan, under the distributor NHK (IMDB). At this time a DVD was released as well under Region 2 (Japan, Europe, South Africa, and the Middle East, including Egypt) (Amazon) (Movie and TV Showing Devices: Part 2: By Region).
Then on October 15, 2013 a region 1 DVD was released by the distributor Mill Creek Entertainment (Amazon). The current version that is being hold has two discs. The first disc is all six episodes, and the second are all six episodes grouped together to make three movies.
|Ranger Productions Inc. (Defunct)
|RHI Entertainment (Name Change and Mergers)
|Trilogy Entertainment Group
|Cabin Fever Entertainment (Defunct)|
|Mill Creek Entertainment|
Above is the list of production and distribution companies that have worked on Space Rangers according to IMDB. Take into account that each company is linked to the IMDB page. The problem with using only IMDB is that they list each episode separately, so for the Space Rangers, that would be six individual listings.
Ranger Productions is a defunct company without an official website. Ranger Productions was formed to develop Space Rangers.
Cabin Fever Entertainment is both defunct and no website. Cabin Fever Entertainment did distribute movies and television shows (on VHS), but mysteriously became null and void. When one types “Cabin Fever Entertainment” into the search engine Wikipedia is one of the top results, but the link is for Sonar Entertainment. This claims that RHI Entertainment and Cabin Fever Entertainment are both part of Hallmark Entertainment.
A Yahoo Answers from 2007, that someone asked how to contact Cabin Fever Entertainment. The only reply said that Cabin Fever Entertainment did not exist, but Hallmark Entertainment has the rights to some of the properties.
I have not seen evidence of the ownership of Sonar Entertainment (at one-point Sonar Entertainment was Hallmark and before that it was RHI Entertainment) owns Cabin Fever Entertainment. It is true that RHI Entertainment was bought by Hallmark Cards (for the sappy programing), and then changed the name to Hallmark Entertainment (ADWEEK Eastern Edition 1994, May), then after a bankruptcy between 2010 through 2012 the name changed to Sonar Entertainment (Screen International 2012, April). A distribution deal was made with RHI back in 1992, but only a deal (Billboard, 1992 Feb). There is evidence of a distribution deal, which means they only held the rights to certain prints, but not the actual copyrights.
Part of piecing all the information together Cabin Fever Entertainment disbanded in 1997 or 98. There is an article from Video Business states that Cabin Fever Entertainment paid their debts in 1998 after being disbanded a year ago (Video Business 1998).
There as something that I missed, and I had a funky feeling that I could not throw away. But I found it. On March 2, 1998 Cabin Fever Entertainment sold all the rights to RHI/Hallmark. The official date that Cabin Fever Entertainment kicked the bucket was on March 2, 1998 (Goldstein, S. 1998) (Reed V. Freebird Film Productions 2009). This was not a merger, but just the rights sold.
Trilogy Entertainment Group is an independent film company that has been around since 1984 founded by John Watson and Pen Densham (Trilogy Entertainment Group Website).
We all know about CBS. I will be saving CBS for a later time.
They were founded in 2002 from Golden Valley, Minnesota. This is the company that sells old seasons of TV programing for cheap, and pack deals that are partially or mostly in public domain for a decent cost.
(1992, Feb.). Cabin Fever signs distribution deal with RHI. Billboard, 104(5), 54. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA11862383&v=2.1&u=drexel_main&it=r&p=AONE&sw=w&asid=44d585f112b89505e62561e6f128d862
(1994, May). Hallmark buys RHI. ADWEEK Eastern Edition, 35(18), 12. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA15424329&v=2.1&u=drexel_main&it=r&p=AONE&sw=w&asid=c1c8683dbcf77a4c1009b45ffce51d58
(1998). Despite disbanding, cabin fever gave promised $100,000 to retailers. Video Business, 18(28), 32. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/223923635?accountid=10559
(2012, April). Stewart Till named CEO of Sonar Entertainment. Screen International, Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
fin73, A.Ryan (2007), How can i contact cabin fever Entertainment?, Yahoo Answers, retrieved from https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070921164257AAGZLpy
Goldstein, S. (1998). Handleman loses handle on video; hallmark gets a case of cabin fever. Billboard, 110(12), 93. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/227085135?accountid=10559
Reed V. Freebird Film Productions, 1:08-cv-01761-CAB Doc #: 96 (09/22/09)
Space Rangers: Release dates. IMDB, retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0106144/releaseinfo?ref_=tt_dt_dt
Space Rangers: Company details. IMDB, retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0106144/companycredits?ref_=tt_dt_co
Buying DVDs at cheap prices or second hand for the littlest of potential is part of my experience. I also like searching for new movies using the power of the Internet. One technique that is commonly used in the library science world is berrypicking. The concept is to browse. Browse the stacks for books that did not come up, or browse the reference/notes sections of the source.
Please, take notice there will not be CEO names, every acquisition, and there will not be references to movies/TV shows, people, etc… The dates mean nothing to me as well, but how do you have a timeline without the times. I have a hunch or a hypothesis that like things come in batches, so I go after the lists. IMDB can help out with the goal in mind, but I also like to check out the direct source when possible. Brands like “North Shore Studios” and “International Movie Group (IMG) do not even have a link on IMDB let alone a company website. This method of tracing a movie/TV show origins based on companies are not going after the big name movies that has happened in the last ten years. This method is an adventure for obscure, or older movies/TV shows that are just distant childhood memories.
I am starting with Lions Gate for a reason. I like their brand and their product. Once I started to research the history of Lions Gate I learned the complication of business, which I do not understand, and the different corporations that they have bought out since 1997. Also, I have already new they bought some of my favorite independent companies such as Artisan and Trimark.
Lions Gate also does not outsource to other companies when distribution is considered, which makes them a great case study.
This introduction also acts as a conclusion.
Trimark (Garrett, D. 2000), (Prange, S. 2001).
Sterling Home Entertainment LLC (2000-2005).
Artisan Entertainment (Wall Street Journal 2003, Oct 28).
Mandate Pictures, 2007, (The Gazette (Montreal) 2007 Sept, 11).
Roadside Attractions – 43 % Ownership, 2007 (Lions Gate 10-K Annual Report 2010).
Grindstone Entertainment Group, 2014 (Lions Gate 10-K Annual Report 2014).
Overall there are around 299 subsidiaries of Lions Gate Entertainment and not all listings are shown above (Lions Gate 10-K Annual Report 2010) (Lions Gate 10-K Annual Report 2014), (Mergent Online 2014).
(1998, Jan 12). Independent film powerhouse cinepix films announces name change to lions gate films inc. PRNewswire Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/448012216?accountid=10559
(1998, Jun 03). Lions gate entertainment announces agreement to acquire international movie group. PRNewswire Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/448065498?accountid=10559
(1998, Sept 08). Lions gate media acquires assets of termite art productions. PR Newswire Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/449935309?accountid=10559
(2002, Feb 15). Lions gate posts 61% quarterly growth in revenue. PR Newswire Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/447719250?accountid=10559
(2003, Oct 28). Lion’s gate to acquire artisan entertainment. Wall Street Journal Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/398834806?accountid=10559
(2007 Sept, 11). Lionsgate devours Mandate Pictures. The Gazette (Montreal), Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
(2012, Feb 1). Lionsgate acquires summit entertainment for $412.5 million. Mergers & Acquisitions Week Retrieved from https://global-factiva-com.ezproxy2.library.drexel.edu/ha/default.aspx#./!?&_suid=140571806202906285488562090339
(2014). Mergent Online – Company Detail: Lions Gate Entertainment Corp., Mergent Online. Retrieved from http://www.mergentonline.com.ezproxy2.library.drexel.edu/companydetail.php?compnumber=68938&pagetype=synopsis
Andrews, M. (2006, July 13). Film studio Lionsgate acquires television distributor: Debmar-Mercury deal will enable studio to syndicate its own shows, retrieved from https://global-factiva-com.ezproxy2.library.drexel.edu/ga/default.aspx
Enchin, H. (1997, Sept 12), Former Yorkton head creates entertainment giant Lion’s Gate to be one of country’s biggest TV, film ventures, The Globe and Mail, retrieved from https://global-factiva-com.ezproxy2.library.drexel.edu/ga/default.aspx
Garrett, D. (2000). Trimark, lions gate mull merger. Video Business, 20(21), 5. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/223915426?accountid=10559
Lions Gate Entertainment Corp. (2010). 10-K Annual Report 2010. Retrieved from Mergent Online database http://www.mergentonline.com/
Lions Gate Entertainment Corp. (2014). 10-K Annual Report 2014. Retrieved from Mergent Online database http://www.mergentonline.com/
Prange, S. (2001). Lions gate restructures home entertainment. Video Store Magazine, 23(3), 11-11,20. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/197588801?accountid=10559
Children, the young ones, like to be helpful. I like to hand you the disk (throw it at you as hard as possible), or removing and forcing the disc into the player over and over. One time my youngest placed a “shoots and ladders” person piece (cardboard) into the PS3, and when turned on the disc that currently resided there had circle of scraping. Scratches, and love can make any DVD not useable.
The DVD or a CD are sturdy, especially the ones that you do not record, and most scratches will not screw up the laser that will read the DVD. The older the DVD player and poorly built players will have a harder time, so it’s not always the DVD, but the player as well.
There is an error-correcting coding system that is built-in to CD/DVD players that help when discs are scratched. This little device helps with minor scratches. When the disk is scratch data is not being hurt, but the access from the laser to the data. Fingerprints can be far worse in this respect because the dirt or smudge blocks the laser from reading the data, and the error-correcting coding system will not be-able to help (Byers 2003).
Cleaning a disk can cause more problems than one wants (hence the disclaimer). When cleaning more scratches can appear, or the wrong type of liquid can cause irreversible damage, such as dissolving the polycarbonate protecting layer. Cleaning is necessary when the scratches, smudges, fingerprints, etc…. are visible or causing a problem such as the dreaded skip.
When cleaning the DVD or CD it is critical to clean from inside to the outside. Information is not stored on the vertical, but held in a circle pattern that wraps around. Majority of the time there will not be extra damage even if the person cleans in a circular motion, but why take the risk. If a scratch happens in a circular motion more data will be damage than if done to inside to the outside.
There is no scientific study done on the cleaning of DVDs/CDs besides Byers majority of the information are blog based. Majority of the methods seem to get mixed results depending on the harshness in quality. There have been a chewing gum method, and saw that on YouTube, but another blogger has tried it and has not succeeded.
Also, keep in mind such as the more abrasive methods (Brasso, bought device, video store help, toothpaste) are used to sand a layer of the DVD/CD. This is important when a Blu-ray disc is come into question. There is a possibility of damaging the disc further stripping the first layer, which means the blue laser might not be able to read the disc.
The not so much abrasive methods still offer a chance at extra scratching as well, but not as much. The key idea with these items are too clear out any dirt or grime with in the larger scratches this will allow the error-correcting coding system do its work.
Which type of cloth type of device to use? A commonly found answer was a no lint, and microfiber cloth. This seems to be smart. The idea of the microfiber rag or cloth allows the max on cleaning the disc, and at the same time offers the least chance of scratches. Microfiber is used commonly when applying wax, and cleaning of a car. Microfiber picks up the dirt, and the grime where as a fiber like cotton only pushes it aside.
I have tried the car wax route, and had mixed results. That was with the spray bottle. The next step is to get the non-liquid wax. The results will be saved for a future time.